HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL ASPECTS IN THE DESIGN OF THE INDUSTRIAL AND POST-INDUSTRIAL ERA
Keywords:design, industrial era, post-industrial era, design thinking, designing
The purpose of the article is to analyse the historical and cultural aspects of the ideological and conceptual essence of the foundations of the art project design. The research methodology includes a comprehensive approach that combines historical and cultural analysis methods to identify the process of formation of design as a cultural phenomenon. The scientific novelty of the research is determined by the fact that design is considered through cultural and historical issues, and the authors have identified the main features of industrial and post-industrial era design and characterised the designing tools. Conclusions. It is established that arising from the pragmatic needs of the development of the market of mass consumer goods, design becomes a general cultural factor and changes the world of things and the very way of socio-cultural existence of a person. Design is transformed into a henomenon that combines mass consumption, functional perfection, economic feasibility, convenience, utility, aesthetic expressiveness of things and the human environment. The article analyses what tools and tools are used to create images in designing. The role of design in visual culture is clarified. For a holistic understanding of the design features, the authors have analysed the transformations in the society of the 20th and early 21st centuries. With the help of design, new values, norms and meanings are formed in the cultural space, issues of individual freedom and individuality are raised, and spatial orientations, actions and forms of existence of each person and society are expanded. The emergence and development of new trends in design, and the high importance of design thinking in modern culture require scientific theoretical understanding, which determines the relevance of research. The authors provide a direction of scientific, educational and cultural vectors of Ukraine to pan-European standards and solutions to problems of improving the quality and safety of goods and the human environment, the implementation of innovative design technology, the preservation of national cultural traditions in the conditions of unification of production, taking into account environmental requirements in the designing of the objects, as the main factors of design development in Ukraine.
Archer, B. (1979). Design as a Discipline. Design Studies, 1(1), 17–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/0142-694X(79)90023-1 [in English].
Boichuk, A. V. (2013). Prostranstvo dizaina [Design Space]. Nove slovo [in Russian].
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (1997, January 20). Pro pershocherhovi zakhody shchodo rozvytku natsionalnoi systemy dyzainu ta erhonomiky i vprovadzhennia yikh dosiahnen u promyslovomu kompleksi, obiektakh zhytlovoi, vyrobnychoi i sotsialno-kulturnoi sfer [On Priority Measures for the Development of the National System of Design and Ergonomics and Implementation of their Achievements in the Industrial Complex, Residential, Industrial and Socio-Cultural Sectors] (Resolution № 37-97-p). https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/card/37-97-%D0%BF?lang=en [in Ukrainian].
Habrel, T. M. (2018). Metody aktyvizatsii tvorchosti dyzainera zasobamy kompiuternykh tekhnolohii [Methods of Activating the Designer’s Creativity by Means of Computer Technology] [Abstract of PhD Dissertation, Lviv Polytechnic National University]. https://lpnu.ua/sites/default/files/2020/dissertation/1836/arefhabreltm.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Hardabkhadze, I. A. (2019). Tendentsii rozvytku dyzainu doby postindustrialnoho suspilstva [Design Development Trends of Post-Industrial Society]. Bulletin of KNUKiM. Series in Arts, 41, 176–184. https://doi.org/10.31866/2410-1176.41.2019.188689 [in Ukrainian].
Hoolohan, C., & Browne, A. L. (2020). Design Thinking for Practice-Based Intervention: Coproducing the Change Points Toolkit to Unlock (un)Sustainable Practices. Design Studies, 67, 102–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2019.12.002 [in English].
Joore, P., & Brezet, H. (2015). A Multilevel Design Model: The Mutual Relationship Between Product-Service System Development and Societal Change Processes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 97, 92–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.06.043 [in English].
Norman, D. A. (2002). The Design of Everyday Things. Basic Books [in English].
Oxman, N. (2015, March). Design at the Intersection of Technology and Biology [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/neri_oxman_design_at_the_intersection_of_technology_and_biology [in English].
Svirko, V. O., Boichuk, O. V., Holoborodko, V. M., & Rubtsov, A. L. (2014). Dyzainerska diialnist: stan i perspektyvy [Design Activity: State and Prospects]. Ukrainian Scientific-Research Institute of Design and Ergonomics [in Ukrainian].
Varyvonchyk, A. (2019). Khudozhni promysly Ukrainy: geneza, istorychna evoliutsiia, suchasnyi stan ta tendentsii [Arts of Ukraine: Genesis, Historical Evolution, Current State and Trends] (2nd ed.). Lira-K [in Ukrainian].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Anastasiia Varyvonchyk, Ihor Bondar, Oleksandra Penchuk
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
1) The authors reserve the right to the authorship of their work and transfer to the journal the right to first publish this work under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2) The authors have the right to enter into independent additional agreements for non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form in which it was published by this journal (for example, to place the work in the electronic repository of the institution or to publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is maintained.
3) The journal's policy allows and encourages authors to post their manuscripts on the Internet (for example, in institutional repositories or on personal websites) both before submitting the manuscript to the editorial board and during its editorial processing, as this contributes to the emergence of a productive scientific discussion and has a positive effect on the efficiency and dynamics of citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access).